Gouram

Trichogaster trichopterus (Trichogaster trichopterus) – freshwater aquarium fish of the guar gum family, willingly kept by the aquarist admirers.

Origin

The species is widespread, inhabiting slow-moving and standing water in Malaysia, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam and Burma.

Characteristics, gender and disposition
Gurami Two-bellied – aquarium fish, male female
Gurami – female, male

Gurami bushy in nature reaches a length of 15cm in aquariums grows to about 12.5cm. The fish is characterized by a cyan coloration, two dark spots – one on the trunk, the other on the tail part and abdominal fins transformed into long, filamentous sensory processes. There are also variations in which, instead of circular spots, are larger, dark spots of irregular shape (eg marbled guinea pigs), varieties of uniform golden color (golden gurays) and intermediate forms. Males can be identified by the sharp-edged dorsal fin and the orange periphery of the anal fin. The females are usually slightly smaller and more rounded in the abdominal part. Gurami is often recognized as a calm-tempered fish, but it is not always the case. Some individuals may be aggressive and others may be completely peaceful. Males are territorial and often compete among themselves. They are particularly aggressive during breeding. They can be kept with other labyrinths, storks, small gnomes or bumps, which do not tend to bite fins.

Nutrition

Gurami are not picky fish, they can be fed with dry mix, supplemented with frozen, live and vegetable foods.

Aquarium

These resistant fish should be kept in an aquarium min. 80 liters, densely planted, with not very strong forced water, equipped with several floating plants, required for reproduction. Gurami must have access to the oxygen taken from the surface of the water.

Multiplication

Reproduction of this species is quite easy. The tank should be flooded with water at a height of 20cm, with a gentle current of water and a large number of floating plants. One male should have 2-3 females. The fish in the breeding season should be fed with high quality live food. When the female is full of spawn, the male begins to build a big, fuzzy nest – for this purpose also uses small parts of plants. It then snakes in front of the female and at the nest reaches a multiple act where the female consists of 500 to 1200 eggs. The spawning male takes care of the nest and crouches the female, which is best to catch at that time in order not to harm her.

Young hatch after 20-30 hours and begin to swim in the next 4-5 days. At this point the male should also be separated. In the first week we give them food in gel, then small foods live like larvae, artemia, daphne. The fry should be carefully observed and in time, to separate the larger fish from the smaller ones, because they can come to cannibalism